DAILY ENGLISH LESSON 1: THE COMPOSITION OF SENTENCE (May 30th, 2011)

PATTERN:

S + V + O

SUBJECT (NOUN+PRONOUN)

VERB (VERB (REGULAR AND IRREGULAR) + AUXILLIARY VERB (IS/AM/ARE/WAS/WERE)

OBJECT (ADJECTIVE, NOUN, ADVERB)

DAILY ENGLISH LESSON 2: PREPOSITION (June 6th, 2011)

ON MONDAY…..IN JANUARY, IN 2011…AT 6 PM AT SCHOOL….IN THE CLASSROOM

DAILY ENGLISH LESSON 3: RELATIVE CLAUSE (June 6th, 2011)

NOUN (PEOPLE) + WHO + VERB He is a man who is in charge in this clinic

NOUN (THINGS) + WHICH + VERB It is a cat which eats mice

NOUN (PEOPLE / THINGS) + WHOM + NOUN/pronoun (PEOPLE) He is my father whom I am really proud

NOUN (PEOPLE / THINGS) + WHOSE + NOUN (PEOPLE / THINGS) That is a doctor whose wife is a nurse

DAILY ENGLISH LESSON 4: ADJECTIVE ENDING ING AND ED (June 16th, 2011)

I AM BORING OR  I always talk too much and people do not like me maybe because I am boring (membosankan/ me…kan)

I AM BORED I do not like this activity and I am bored (bosan/kata dasar)

Fascinating, exciting, amusing, amazing, astonishing, shocking, disgusting, confusing, horrifying, terrifying, frightening, depressing, worrying, annoying, exhausting, satisfying

DAILY ENGLISH LESSON 5: PRESENT TENSE (June 25th, 2011)

FUNCTION: 1. Daily routine (ex; I always study hard) 2. General Truth (ex; Water boils at 100 degree Celsius) 3. Plan for traveling (we leave Jakarta at 5 am tomorrow and arrive in Bandung at 8 am4. Replace Present Continuous for Special Words (like, want, love, hate, see, believe)

TIME SIGNALS: ALWAYS, OFTEN, OCCASIONALLY, USUALLY, SOMETIMES, EVERY (DAY, WEEK, MONTH, YEAR)

PATTERN: VERBAL:

(+) S (HE, SHE, IT) + V1S/ES. Ex: She studies English S (THEY, WE, YOU, I) + V1. Ex: They study English

(-) S (HE, SHE, IT) + DOES NOT + V1. Ex: She does not study English S (THEY, WE, YOU, I) +DO NOT + V1. Ex: They do not study English (?+) DOES + S (HE, SHE, IT) + V1? Ex: does she study English? DO + (THEY, WE, YOU, I) + V1? Ex: do they study English?

(?-) DOES NOT + S (HE, SHE, IT) + V1? Ex: does not she study English? DO NOT + (THEY, WE, YOU, I) + V1? Ex: do not they study English?

PATTERN: NON VERBAL/NOMINAL/USE AUXILIARY VERB:

(+) S (HE, SHE, IT) + IS + ADJECTIVE/NOUN/ADVERB Ex: She is smart S (THEY, WE, YOU,) + ARE +ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: They are smart S (I) + AM + ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: I am Smart

(-) S (HE, SHE, IT) + IS NOT+ ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: She is not smart S (THEY, WE, YOU,) + ARE NOT +ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: They are not smart S (I) + AM NOT + ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: I am not smart

(?) IS + S (HE, SHE, IT) + ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: is she smart? ARE +S (THEY, WE, YOU,) + ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: are they smart? AM + S (I) + ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: Am I Smart?

(?-) IS NOT + S (HE, SHE, IT) + ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: is not she smart? ARE NOT+S (THEY, WE, YOU,) + ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: are not they smart? AM NOT + S (I) + ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: Am not I Smart?

DAILY ENGLISH LESSON 6: PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE (July 4th, 2011)

FUNCTION: 1. Something which is happening. (Sedang Terjadi) Ex: I am referring patient to TPRA Now 2. Planning. Ex: I am helping my father tomorrow

TIME SIGNALS: NOW… AT THIS TIME … AT THIS MOMENT,..RIGHT NOW

PATTERN: VERBAL (+) S (HE, SHE, IT) + IS + VING+O Ex: She is applying IV line S (THEY, WE, YOU,) + ARE + VING+O Ex: They are delivering oral medicine S (I) + AM + VING+O Ex: I am injecting artesunate 180 mg

(-) S (HE, SHE, IT) + ISN’T+ VING+O Ex: She is not applying IV line S (THEY, WE, YOU,) + AREN’T + VING+O Ex: They are not delivering oral medicine S (I) + AM NOT + VING+0 Ex: I am not injecting artesunate 180 mg

(?) IS + S (HE, SHE, IT) + VING+O Ex: is she applying IV line? ARE +S (THEY, WE, YOU,) + VING+O Ex: are they delivering oral medicine? AM + S (I) + VING+O Ex: Am I injecting artesunate 180 mg?

(?-) IS NOT + S (HE, SHE, IT) + VING+O Ex: is not she applying IV line? ARE NOT+S (THEY, WE, YOU,) + VING+O Ex: aren’t they delivering oral medicine? AM NOT + S (I) + VING+O Ex: Am not I injecting artesunate 180 mg?

PATTERN: NON VERBAL

(+) S (HE, SHE, IT) + IS + BEING+ ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: She is being in tram S (THEY, WE, YOU,) + ARE + BEING+ ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: They are being in OPD S (I) + AM + BEING+ ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: I am being a DOH nurse

(-) S (HE, SHE, IT) + ISN’T+ BEING+ ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: She is not being in tram S (THEY, WE, YOU,) + AREN’T + BEING+ ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: They are not being in OPD S (I) + AM NOT + BEING+ ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: I am not being a DOH nurse

(?) IS + S (HE, SHE, IT) + BEING+ ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: is she being in tram? ARE +S (THEY, WE, YOU,) + BEING+ ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: are they being in OPD? AM + S (I) + BEING+ ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: Am I being a DOH nurse?

(?-) IS NOT + S (HE, SHE, IT) + BEING+ ADJ/NOUN/ADV Ex: is not she being in tram? ARE NOT+S (THEY, WE, YOU,) + VING+O Ex: aren’t they being in OPD? AM NOT + S (I) + VING+O Ex: Am not I being a DOH nurse?

DAILY ENGLISH LESSON 7: PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (July 25th, 2011)

FUNCTION: 1. Something HAS ALREADY/JUST FINISHED Ex: I have just/already had breakfast Just (a short time ago), already (sooner than expected) 2. Something happened in the past with indefinite time (tidak terdefinisi) Ex: They have built a new apartment. 3. Giving an information / announcement. Ex: do you know about Jim? He has gone/been to Canada. Been (already come back from Canada), gone (on the way or being in Canada)

TIME SIGNALS: Already, just, recently, lately, never, ever

PATTERN: VERBAL

(+) S (HE, SHE, IT) + HAS + VIII+O Ex: She has just applied IV line S (THEY, WE, YOU,I) + HAVE + VIII+O Ex: They have already given oral medicine

(-) S (HE, SHE, IT) + HAS not+ VIII+O Ex: She has not applied IV line S (THEY, WE, YOU,I) + HAVE not+ VIII+O Ex: They have not given oral medicine

(?) HAS+ S (HE, SHE, IT) + VIII+O Ex: has she applied IV line? HAVE +S (THEY, WE, YOU,) + VIII+O Ex: Have they given oral medicine?

(?-)HAS not + S (HE, SHE, IT) + VIII+O Ex: hasn’t she applied IV line? HAVE not +S (THEY, WE, YOU,) + VIII+O Ex: Haven’t they given oral med?

PATTERN: NON VERBAL

(+) S (HE, SHE, IT) + HAS + BEEN+O Ex: She has been in tram recently. S (THEY, WE, YOU,I) + HAVE + BEEN +O Ex: They have been in OPD

(-) S (HE, SHE, IT) + HAS not+ BEEN +O Ex: She hasn’t been in tram recently. S (THEY, WE, YOU,I) + HAVE not+ BEEN +O Ex: They haven’t been in OPD

(?) HAS+ S (HE, SHE, IT) + BEEN +O Ex: has she been in tram? HAVE +S (THEY, WE, YOU,) + BEEN +O Ex: Have they been in OPD? (?-)HAS not + S (HE, SHE, IT) + BEEN +O Ex: hasn’t she been in tram? HAVE not +S (THEY, WE, YOU,) + BEEN +O Ex: Haven’t they been in OPD?

DAILY ENGLISH LESSON 8: PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE (August 17th, 2011)

FUNCTION: 1. Something which began in the past and has just recently stopped. There is an effect. Ex: You are out of breath. Have you been running? 2. Something happened in the past and is still happening now. Ex: I have been working for 3 years 3. An Action repeated over a periodic of time Ex: She has been playing tennis since she was eight. 4. Both Present perfect or perfect continuous tense are correct for (study, work, teach) ex: I have worked / have been working here for 2 years

TIME SIGNALS: Since, for, all day, all week, all morning

PATTERN:

VERBAL

(+) S + HAS/HAVE + BEEN + VING+O Ex: She has been teaching for 2 years

(-) S + HASN’T/HAVEN’T + BEEN + VING+O Ex: She hasn’t been teaching for 2 years

(?) HAS/HAVE + S + BEEN VING +O Ex: has she been teaching for 2 years?

(?-)HASN’T/HAVEN’T + S + BEEN VING +O Ex: hasn’t she been teaching for 2 years?

PATTERN: NON VERBAL

(+) S + HAS/HAVE + BEEN + BEING+O Ex: She has been being here for 2 hours

(-) S + HASN’T/HAVEN’T + BEEN + BEING +O Ex: She hasn’t been being here for 2 hours

(?) HAS/HAVE + S + BEEN BEING +O Ex: has she been being here for 2 hours?

(?-)HASN’T/HAVEN’T + S + BEEN BEING +O Ex: hasn’t she been being here for 2 hours?

DAILY ENGLISH LESSON 9: COMPARISON (October 9th, 2011)

1. SIMILARITY (2 OBJECTS)

* 1 OR 2 SYLLABLE (SUKU KATA); ….AS ADJECTIVE AS… EX; A is as big as B EX; A is as beautiful as B

2. DIFFERENT (2 OBJECTS) *

1 SYLLABLE; ..ADJECTIVE+ER THAN…EX; A is smaller than B. *

2 OR MORE SYLLABLES;..MORE ADJECTIVE THAN… EX; A is more beautiful than B *

Special case;

.. GOOD…BETTER. Ex; A is better than B (NOT GOODER)

..BAD….WORSE. Ex; A is worse than B (NOT BADDER)  

3. DIFFERENT (3 OR MORE OBJECTS) *

1 SYLLABLE; …. THE ADJECTIVE+EST. EX; A is the smallest *

2 OR MORE Syllables; ….THE MOST ADJECTIVE… EX; A is the most beautiful *

Special case;

.. GOOD…BETTER…THE BEST Ex; A is the best

..BAD…WORSE…THE WORST Ex; A is the worst

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About NOF TONI WASKITO

WORKING AS HSE OFFICER DI PT WIKA GEDUNG. KULIAH DI MAGISTER PROMKES JURUSAN KESELAMATAN DAN KESEHATAN KERJA

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